Internet gambling research paper

Original Research ARTICLE
  1. Articles on Online gambling
  2. Articles on Online gambling
  3. [PDF] Internet Gambling: Issues, Concerns, and Recommendations - Semantic Scholar
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Sports betting was the main reason for the overall increase in total gambling for high school-aged females, going from Contributing to this trend is the availability of online venues and the expansion and acceptance of offline gambling. Today's teens are living in a society where legalized gambling is not only socially acceptable; it is widely promoted and highly visible. Casinos advertise heavily on TV, radio, online and billboard ads. Given the prevalence, visibility, and glamour now afforded to gambling, it is not surprising that many teens are drawn to the instant gratification, thrill, and hope of fast money.

The three predominant reasons reported by teens for gambling are a the excitement it brings, b enjoyment, and c to win money. Other reasons adolescents gamble include peer pressure, to relieve boredom and to relieve feelings of depression. This is particularly the case on college campuses where students play poker in dorm rooms and local bars. Columbia University Medical Center's research indicates that teenagers make up half of the 16 million people in the United States with gambling addictions.

This can dramatically switch, however, when losses inevitably increase and trigger a drop in self-esteem, financial anxiety, and depression.

Articles on Online gambling

Youth may begin stealing or selling possessions to pay off debts, or to continue gambling in the hopes of winning big. Parents that gamble, give lottery tickets to youth or show approval of gambling are often a key contributing factor in teens with problem gambling. Teens succumb to gambling addiction at rates between two and four times the rate of adults.

Complicating efforts to protect minors from online gambling is the ever-present access to computers and mobile phones several online casinos and card rooms offer mobile options that make gambling just a click away. Some football bets are 50 times more harmful than others. When you engage in recreational gambling, you're not simply playing against the odds — you're battling an enemy trained in the art of deceit and subterfuge who uses human nature against you. For online gamblers, there are many attractions to offshore sights, so governments must focus on arming consumers with better knowledge about its risk.

Online gambling collects a huge amount of data. But instead of personalising offers to keep you hooked, real-time data can be used to prevent problematic gambling behaviour. Many states are pondering making gambling on sports legal after the US Supreme Court overturned a federal ban. But is the industry really worth as much as some say it is? Research that studied the pokie risks gamblers were prepared to take after they held a live crocodile has been awarded one of this year's Ig Nobel prizes.

There is reason to suggest new reforms, such a banning credit bets and establishing a self-exclusion register, will have some impact in helping to tackle problem gambling online. Evidence to date suggests it is likely that the more intense gambling behaviour of interactive gamblers is related to other problems, with no evidence that interactive gambling by itself causes problem gambling Gainsbury, Russell, Hing et al. Research has investigated the gambling activities and modes of access that are most likely to be associated with problems.

For interactive gamblers, sports and race betting is associated with problem gambling, a finding not obtained among land-based gamblers. However, a substantial proportion one-third to one-half of moderate risk and problem Internet gamblers attribute their problems primarily to land-based gambling, in particular to EGMs Gainsbury, Russell, Hing, et al.

Further, Australian research indicates that a substantial proportion of problem gamblers who gamble online had existing problems prior to gambling online Gainsbury, Russell, Hing et al.

Internet Gambling, Online Poker Addiction

However, around half of those whose problems started after they first gambled online, attributed their problems to these online modes of gambling Gainsbury, Russell, Hing et al. Research suggests that interactive problem gamblers are not distinctly different from gamblers who experience problems related to land-based gambling.

Online Gambling Addiction: the Relationship Between Internet Gambling and Disordered Gambling

However, there are some characteristics that appear to be risk factors for having problems with interactive gambling. These include being younger, male, and from a culturally diverse background Gainsbury, Russell, Hing et al. Studies have also found higher rates of smoking and alcohol consumption, as well as substance abuse or dependence, among interactive as compared to non-interactive gamblers Gainsbury, Russell, Hing et al.

It is likely that the profile of those at-risk for developing interactive gambling problems will change as this mode of gambling becomes more accepted and widely used.

Articles on Online gambling

Technological advancements have changed the nature and accessibility of various forms of gambling in Australia. While there are currently no indications that the increased availability and use of interactive gambling has affected prevalence rates for problem gambling, concerns still remain that interactive gambling will have significant impacts in terms of gambling problems and related health and mental health. Nonetheless, this mode of gambling is likely to be attractive to individuals who are vulnerable to developing gambling problems and, as such, it is important to consider how to best minimise gambling-related harms.

Although interactive problem gamblers are similar to land-based problem gamblers, attention needs to be paid to developing different treatment and prevention initiatives. In particular:. Advances in technology have great potential to develop and implement more effective harm reduction measures. As all online gamblers must be registered, and their gambling is automatically recorded, operators have the capacity to be able to monitor play and proactively identify potentially risky play. Proactive identification would enable tailored interventions, such as pop-up messages promoting limit setting tools and resources, and would allow operators to directly contact players to assess risk of harm.

Limits and pre-commitment are also more easily facilitated using electronic gambling, as would be self-exclusion schemes that could be applied across operators.

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Research is needed on the most effective strategies that would assist in guiding policies and practices. Unregulated offshore gambling sites may pose additional risks for consumers if they do not include responsible gambling measures, or if the player has any disputes with the operator in terms of unfair practices. Australian gamblers should be alerted to these risks and discouraged from using offshore sites.

Further research is needed in the area of interactive gambling in order for the implications and consequences to be fully understood. Interactive gambling One of the most significant changes to the gambling environment in the past 15 years has been the increased availability of interactive or Internet gambling.

Key messages:. Content List:.

[PDF] Internet Gambling: Issues, Concerns, and Recommendations - Semantic Scholar

The impacts of gambling on families and young people. The rise of interactive gambling Interactive or Internet gambling is any gambling conducted online, using computers, tablets, mobile smart phones or televisions. Regulating interactive gambling and enforcing regulations is a complex issue. The advantages and disadvantages of legalising and regulating interactive gambling Advantages: Regulation of products, services, and marketing Reduction in use of offshore sites Required consumer protection and harm minimisation policies and practices Policies can be implemented to reduce criminal activities such as fraud, cheating, money laundering and match-fixing Revenue through taxation and licensing.

Disadvantages: Increased total gambling participation Increased use of interactive gambling Potential for increase in gambling problems. Footnotes 1 Wagering refers to placing a bet of monetary value on the outcome of an actual event and is distinct from betting on games in which outcomes are randomly determined.

Interactive gambling in Australia The only legal forms of interactive gambling in Australia are those offered by licensed wagering and lottery operators.

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Characteristics of interactive gamblers Uptake of interactive gambling is relatively recent, driven by convenient, easy access. Interactive gamblers are more likely to be male, younger and have higher levels of education than solely land-based gamblers. Interactive gamblers are likely to play a greater number of gambling activities and spend more money than solely land-based gamblers. Most also take part in land-based gambling. Interactive gamblers are most likely to bet on legalised sports and races than use illegal websites.

Advantages and disadvantages of interactive gambling reported by consumers Advantages: Convenience Accessibility Better payout rates Better bonus rates Easy to use Fast Larger selection of products and options Ability to gamble at home Anonymity and privacy. Disadvantages: Too convenient Easier to spend money online Not a safe way to gamble Concerns about security of funds and personal information Unreliable technology. Source: Gainsbury et al. Mobile betting The convenience of mobile betting is driving growth in interactive gambling.

Concerns related to interactive gambling Features of interactive gambling such as its privacy and anonymity, continual and convenient access, and the ability to use electronic funds may increase risk of gambling problems. Interactive gamblers are more likely to experience gambling problems than land-based gamblers, most likely related to their greater overall gambling use and expenditure. Some interactive gamblers experiencing problems relate these to land-based gambling most commonly EGMs , while others identify interactive gambling as the cause of their problems.

Risk factors for interactive gamblers who experience problems include being younger, male, from culturally diverse backgrounds, and the presence of alcohol and substance abuse. Potential signs of risky Internet gambling: Gambling on multiple different activities, online and offline Gambling online frequently and spending increasing amounts of money Losing track of money won and lost on gambling sites and time spent gambling Gambling alone for long uninterrupted sessions Lying about or hiding online gambling Gambling on credit including using credit cards Neglecting other important activities, including relationships with friends and family, work or study, eating, sleeping, and self-care.

Reduce limits on credit cards and transfers from bank accounts. Avoid gambling when drinking alcohol. Find non-gambling activities, online and offline. Limit exposure to advertisements by installing ad-blocking software and enabling pop-up blockers. Unsubscribe to any notifications and updates from gambling sites. Search for self-help tips on gambling help websites.

Suspend gambling accounts. Self-exclude from online gambling sites. Use software to block Internet gambling sites. Next steps Dedicated prevention and intervention policies and practices are needed to address interactive gambling problems.